Do vs Make

¿Conoces la diferencia entre estos dos verbos?

Do y Make son dos verbos que frecuentemente confunden a los estudiantes. En esta lección aprenderás la diferencia cuándo usar uno y el otro, además de ejercicios para reforzar lo aprendido:

Cuándo usar DO

El Verbo Do es utilizado cuando hablamos de trabajos, tareas, actividades, negocios; no de producir objetos físicos:

She does her homework every day .
He's doing a great job.
They do business with clients all over the world.
I want to do a course in stock market.
I like to do quizzes on my computer.

Entre estos trabajos se incluyen por supuesto las tareas del hogar:

I'm too tired to do the housework.
I don't like doing the laundry but I need clean clothes.
I'll cook if you do the dishes. Deal?
I do shopping every 3 days.
She comes on Monday to do the cleaning.
Many people just do gardening as a hobby.

Y también los cuidados a tu cuerpo:

Mom likes doing exercise, especially aerobics.
Do I need to do my hair?
My little sister likes to do her nails each week.

Finalmente usamos el verbo To do para hablar de buenas o malas acciones:

My brother is doing well in is new job.
You will do badly in your test unless you work hard.
Always do your best in whatever you do.

Cuándo usar MAKE

El Verbo MAKE es utilizado cuando hablamos de crear o producir algo. Por ejemplo, un plato de comida:

Could you make me a tuna sandwich?
I'm making a cake for her birthday.
I must go now. I have to make dinner.
Every morning, she makes me a cup of coffee.

O cuando hablamos de producir dinero:

I enjoy my job, but I don't make very much money.
Our business made a profit from the beginning.
We'll make a fortune selling umbrellas.
He makes $1,000 per month on Amazon.
They made an offer on our house.

También usamos Make para hablar de planes y decisiones:

We're making plans for the weekend.
It's Friday! Let's make some arrangements for the weekend.
You need to make a decision right now.

O cuando queremos expresar algo: un discurso, un comentario, una sugerencia, una excusa, una promesa, un llamado teléfonico, una queja, una confesión, etc.:

Tom made a speech on behalf of our company.
Nobody made a comment about this.
Can I make a suggestion?
Don't make excuses for your bad behavior.
It is easier to make a promise than to keep a promise.
I'm going to go outside and make a phone call.
I'd like to make a complaint about the noise.
I need to make a confession.

Por último, usamos Make en las siguientes expresiones:

She always makes the bed after she gets up in the morning.
If you make a mistake, just erase it and start over.
My students are making good progress.
You should make an effort to stop smoking.
He made a list of things to do.
He is always making jokes.

Ejercicios

¿Preparado para probar tus conocimientos? Completa las siguientes oraciones usando la forma correcta del verbo To Do o To Make:

1.- I have three exams.
2.- Sophie spends an hour her hair in the morning.
3.- My friends a comment about my shoes.
4.- He a cup of tea.
5.- Can I use your phone to a call?
6.- Oh no! I think I a mistake on my exam!
7.- When are you going to the dishes?
8.- I'm so tired of the housework. I need a holiday!
9.- I like the ironing while I watch TV.
10.- Can you me a favor?